Set in the Indian Ocean in South Asia, the tropical island nation of Sri Lanka has a history dating back to the birth of time. It is a place where the original soul of Buddhism still flourishes and where nature’s beauty remains abundant and unspoiled.
Few places in the world can offer the traveller such a remarkable combination of stunning landscapes, pristine beaches, captivating cultural heritage and unique experiences within such a compact location. Within a mere area of 65,610 kilometers lie 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 1,330 kilometers of coastline – much of it pristine beach – 15 national parks showcasing an abundance of wildlife, nearly 500,000 acres of lush tea estates, 250 acres of botanical gardens, 350 waterfalls, 25,000 water bodies, to a culture that extends back to over 2,500 years.
This is an island of magical proportions, once known as Serendib, Taprobane, the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, and Ceylon. Discover refreshingly Sri Lanka!
Official Name : Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Government Type : Republic
Location : Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator
Dimensions : 430km North to South, 225km East to West
Coastline : 1,340km
Area : 65,525km
Currency (code) : Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Administrative Capital : Sri Jayewardenepura
Commercial Capital : Colombo
Climate : Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west
Terrain : Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central Interior
National Parks and Nature Reserves Area : 8,000sq.km
Population : 21,128,773
Ethnic Groups : Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Languages : Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note : English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Religion : Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Time Zone : Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
International Dialing : +94
Electricity : 230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer